The Good, Bad And Ugly Side Of Contraceptives

pros and cons different types of contraceptives birth control options

The decision to begin using contraception is one that women shouldn’t take lightly. It’s always best to visit an experienced OB/GYN who will examine your medical and sexual history to determine your candidacy for a specific contraceptive. Choosing the right gynecologist doesn’t need to be an impossible task. Dr. Patricia Nevils is a Lafayette Icon, known for her proactive and compassionate approach to women’s health care. 

The use of birth control has been the most common contraceptive method in the US since it came into the market in 1960. It was not until recently that women began questioning the use of the “pill.” 

This is because of the growing number of anecdotal pieces of evidence of side effects from birth control. A 2016 study by Danish researchers revealed that 23% of women on the pill were more likely to take antidepressants. 

An article by The Cut stated reports by women who had stopped taking the pill. Some of the responses included “feeling alive,” as well as feeling like themselves again. 

According to Elizabeth Farrell Women’s Health medical director for Jean Hailes, side effects are rare. However, some women experience sore breasts, bleeding irregularities, and nausea within the first ninety days of using contraceptives. 

Factors To Consider When Choosing Contraceptives 

· Cost 

You need to consider whether your preferred contraceptive is affordable, especially in the long term. 

· Safety 

The safety of contraceptives is paramount for every woman. Research shows that women on the pill are more likely to get breast cancer, with two women in 10,000 getting breast cancer. Taking the pill also doubles the risk of developing clots in the lungs and brain. 

· Efficacy 

You’ve probably come across people who said they got pregnant even when they were on the pill. You should, therefore, consider using other contraceptives such as IUDs for higher efficacy. 

· Side Effects 

You need to consult a general practitioner if you experience any side effects especially once the trial period of ninety days is over. 

Types of Contraceptives 

· Intrauterine Devices (IUD) 

Copper-containing IUD – This is an effective IUD that you can take out at any time. This IUD is non-hormonal, with its efficacy going for at least ten years. Some women have reported heavy menstrual bleeding and cramps while using this device. 

Levonorgestrel-releasing IUD – The levonorgestrel-releasing IUD is a hormonal contraceptive that thins the uterine lining. This device is highly effective for at least three years, but one can remove it at any time. Some women have reported missing their periods entirely and only getting them once the IUD is removed. 

· Birth Control Implant 

This is a progestin implant available in the US. This implant is highly effective in preventing pregnancies. The most common side effect is irregular bleeding, and most women have reported getting pregnant as soon as the implant is removed. 

Other contraceptives include the birth control pill, skin patches, injectable birth control as well as vaginal ring. 

Economic Benefits Of Contraception 

Studies show that women with legal access to contraceptives were more likely to complete tertiary education. Additionally, pill access enabled women to join the workforce as well as clock in more hours in the workplace. 

In the end, after examining the downsides and benefits of contraception, only you can determine what will work for you. Talking to an experienced gynecologist is essential in preventing harmful side effects.

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