Being a Ganja Planter: How to Grow Hemp

how to grow hemp ganja plants

In the past year, there has been a 76% increase in jobs in the cannabis industry.

With states legalizing the use of marijuana, for medical and recreational use, you may want to consider looking at all of the new job opportunities.

If you are wanting to make money off of growing cannabis and hemp you will need to know how to.  

Scroll down to learn how to grow hemp, along with tips on how to ensure that your plants don't die. 


1. Start With the Details

The first step in hemp farming is to focus on the details and paperwork that are required. 

When growing hemp, you will need the proper licenses from your state. The license often comes with a fee and some additional paperwork. In some areas, growers may even have to undergo a background check.

You should do all research on local laws, permittable THC levels, and how to grow hemp. 


2. Find a Location

The next step in growing your hemp farm is to find a suitable location for growth.

Some people choose to grow hemp indoors, which requires a few materials. If growing inside, you will need a humid room for the plants, a consistent temperature, and air vents. You will also need to get strong lights and any other growing materials.

If you are growing industrial hemp, you will need roughly 50 acres for it to be a profitable business. 


3. Plant Your Seeds

The best time to plant your hemp seeds is during late spring.

As long as the soil temperature is consistently above 50 degrees Fahrenheit, you are safe to plant the seeds. They grow best in temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and about 2-3 cm deep in the soil.  

The pH levels in the soil should be between 6 and 7.5, this helps ensure that the soil is aerated. If the soil is not aerated, you can damage your plants. 


4. Maintain Your Plants

After the seeds have been planting, your main focus will be on caring for them.

Regularly watering your plants is necessary. If the soil is not moist, water it until it is a couple of inches deep. The first 6 weeks are the most important time to water because the plant is growing quickly. 

After 6 weeks or so, you don't have to water your hemp plant as much. It can survive with no water for several days before dying. 


5. Treat Your Hemp

Over time, as your plant grows, you will need to start caring for them beyond giving them water and sunlight.

If you want your hemp to be healthy, you should fertilize the soil it is growing in. This step is typically done on a hot and dry day so that the fertilizer doesn't stick on the plants. Nitrogen-rich fertilizers are recommended.  

Often, hemp prevents weeds from growing in the area, however, you may have to use treatment. Pre-emergent herbicide should be sprayed on the plant once germination is complete.

Treating your hemp plants will help ensure that they are protected and healthy. 


6. Harvest the Hemp

Harvesting the hemp can begin only once you find seeds starting to develop. 

Once you see the seeds, you can cut the hemp stalk with a sickle, or sharp object. Be sure to cut the hemp as close to the ground or dirt as possible. Cutting lower will allow you to get more fibers out of each stalk. 

If you have a large farm, you may want to invest in a sickle- bar attachment that can go on tractors. Some places may even let you rent their sickle for a while. 

After the hemp has been harvested, the stalks must sit in the field for 5 weeks.


7. Prepare the Fibers

The hemp has been harvested and you've waited for 5 weeks, now it is time to focus on the fibers.

The stalks should be stored in a dry and cool area. Once they have a moisture level of 15%, you can officially harvest the fibers. You can separate them by using a decorticator machine that has 2 rollers and breaks off the exterior parts of the plant.

You will put the hemp stalks in and the product that comes out of the machine is the hemp fiber.


8. Retrieve the Seeds 

After about 16 weeks you can harvest the seeds with a sickle. 

Most leaves fall off of the plant at this point. You will need to feel all of the seed pods and pull them out if they are hard. You can cut the top of the stalk, right below the seed location. 

This step is typically done in October if you live in the United States and you can leave fallen leaves in the dirt as fertilizer.

Once you have all of the seeds you will have to remove any residue and then store them in a freezer. You can replant these seeds in late spring and start all over again!


Tips for When You Are Learning How to Grow Hemp

Learning how to grow hemp can be challenging if you don't have a green thumb, but with these tips, you will be on your way to raising a healthy plant!

One of the best tips when growing hemp is to use soils that can be easily drained and have organic materials. They do best in warm temperatures, but will not survive in a desert environment.

Try planting your seeds shortly after frost goes away from the winter months before corn is being planted.

Make sure that you are patient. Regularly watering and keeping the hemp in a humid room help ensure its growth. Some people even say that adding Miracle Grow helps it grow faster!  


Green Thumb for Green Goods 

When learning how to grow hemp it is extremely important to be patient.

Many people think that growing hemp is a difficult process. However, utilizing the steps above can help you grow a small seedling into a blooming plant with benefits. 

It is extremely important to do research, have enough land, and use correct materials when growing hemp. Growing hemp will provide you with seeds for the next season, making them an excellent annual plant. 

Be sure to keep browsing our blog for more articles relating to hemp and healthy living. 

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